عنوان مقاله [English]
Nugget effect is a common feature of many vein-style gold deposits. This style of mineralization results in complication in many exploitation stages including resource and average grade estimation, representative sample selection, ore characterization as well as processing. Accurate and reliable ore characterization is a vital stage in any mineral processing project. Ore characterization in high nugget effect gold ores is so complex due to uncertainties associated with representativity of the selected sample. The main challenge is to provide a representative sample for identification of each process mineralogy parameter such as average grade, liberation, grinding size, mineral association, floatability, etc. Here, different protocols are collected and compared to draw a comprehensive picture of the available methods. The results are examined on a high nugget effect gold ore from Northeast of Iran, Azghad mine. Processing experiments were conducted to develop a process suitable for Azghad gold mine. To investigate the feasibility of pre-concentration, gravity methods using a Nelson separator was applied on the oxide sample as the main gold vein. 43.3% of total gold was concentrated in the gravity concentrate with only 2% weight recovery, suggesting gravity concentration can be considered as an efficient method in this ore. Gold preg-robbing experiments were performed for Shale sample due to the organic matter, clay minerals and mica. Preg-robbing potential of the shale ore was determined to be 1.1 ppm. Optimization of operating parameters was performed by central composite design method for the combined oxide and shale samples.