عنوان مقاله [English]
Using the Cement Paste Backfill (CPB) is developing in the underground excavations. In this study, the potential of tailings in the preparation of CPB and the effective factors on its strength and slump were studied using the design of laboratory results. The studid CPB is consisted of the tailings of the Lead and Zinc Anguran mine. Heavy media waste (Hmw) as a coarse mass, leach tailing (Lt) as a fine aggregate and Portland cement type 1 as a binder were used to make the CPB. In order to minimize the number of experiments and provide an appropriate combine, the design of the experiments was carried out based on the Response Surface Method (RSM). The results of the design and laboratory tests showed that the increase of the Lt/Hmw ratio is more effective than the other components on the CPB’s compressive strength and slump. Increasing the Lt/Hmw, significantly increases the compressive strength and decreases the slump. Also, with increasing the Lt/Hmw, the peak strength recorded in stress-strain graph is increased, which is, less effective at higher values. As the ratio increases, the wave velocity increases, also. Hmw has a positive effect on paste slump, but decreases compressive strength. The increase of 13% of the Hmw reduces the compressive strength by 2.7 times and increases the slump by more than 4 times. Increasing the cement amount increases the compressive strength of the samples, but its effect is less than the Lt/Hmw. Water reduction has been accompanied by a reduction in the water-to-cement ratio, which accelerates the curing of the samples and increases the compressive strength of the CPB samples. In order to optimize the process, according to the compressive strength and target slump, the values 3.72 and 27.89 percent and the ratio of 0.82 for cement, water and Lt/Hmw, respectively are suggested.